Ants are highly social animals. They live in groups called colonies.
Workers weigh from 1 to 5 milligram, depending on species. This means that on average, it would take the summation of 21 million ants to get the average weight of a human being.
The average speed of a black ant is 0.08 metres per second, which would sum up to 288 metres per hour. Ants snap shut 5,000 times faster than the blink of an eye.
Black garden ants can live up to 15 years. Pharaoh ants can live from 4 to 12 months. Generally, the queens can live up to 30 years, while the workers can live from 1 to 3 years. But the males have a shorter lifespan than the other two.
The species determine the habitat. They can live underground, in mounds built at ground level, in trees. They live in groups called colonies. Ant colonies have many ways of adapting to their surrounding. They avoid detection by finding new colonies. They also adapt by working together.
Insects such as beetles, flies, caterpillars feed on them. Spiders such as jumping spiders, black widow spiders; mammals such as bears, coyotes; birds such as sparrows, grouse; reptiles such as lizards, snakes; fish and snails all feed on ants.
They are omnivorous animals. They feed on milk of aphids, insects, small living or dead invertebrates, sap of plants, insect eggs, various fruits and so on.